These are the transcription and the translation into Modern German
of a manuscript by Paulus Kal. It
is dedicated to count palatine
Ludwig and was written in the
second half of the 15th century.
It is kept at the Bayerischen
Saatsbibliothek in Munich, and
on its website one
can have a look at a black-and-white
version. Due to copyright restraints
I can only present the text passages
here; empty pages or those which
contain images but no text do
not show up here.
The transcription tries to follow the original as closely as possible.
I have not dissolved the letter "v" in either "u" or "v".
Abbreviations, duplication characters
remain mostly intact - considering
the restraints of internet typography.
Further diacritical characterslike
the letter "y" with a diaeresis
To enable a side-by-side comparison, I have put the translated
sections opposite to the transcribed
parts. I have endeavoured to
transform the Early High German
manuscript into a modern language
that is easy to understand without
being too unjust to the original.
Occasionally I took some
liberties that hopefully are
true to the original meaning
and are not too far from the
Additionally I want to point to the work of the Gesellschaft für
pragmatische Schriftlichkeit who
have put an excellent edition
Kal's manuscripts on their website. Furthermore the American
publishing house Chivalry Bookshelf
have published a magnificent
edition of the manuscript, edited and commented by Christian
Tobler (meanwhile out of print).
Dierk Hagedorn, September 2007